Common Terms and Acronyms
Button Tube: A low-profile feeding tube that sits at skin level.
CIP: Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction. Paralysis of the small bowel.
Colonic Inertia: A motility disorder in which fecal matter passes too slowly through the colon.
DTP: Digestive Tract Paralysis.
Dumping Syndrome: When undigested stomach contents move too quickly into the small intestine. Nutrients are not absorbed properly, and this can lead to malnutrition.
EDS: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome. A group of connective tissue disorders.
Endoscopy/Scope: Procedure whereby a long, flexible tube with a camera is used to view the GI tract.
Enteral Feeding: Delivering food/nutrition directly to the stomach or small intestine.
Gastric Electric Stimulator/Pacemaker/Pacer: A small neurostimulator that is placed in the abdomen to help control nausea and vomiting. It delivers electric pulses to the lower stomach.
GERD: Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. A digestive disease characterized by acid reflux.
GES: Gastric Emptying Study. Measures the speed in which food empties from the stomach into the small intestine.
GI: Gastrointestinal. Also used to refer to one’s gastroenterologist. Pertaining to the stomach and intestines.
G/J-Tube: Gastrojejunostomy Tube. A feeding tube that accesses both the stomach and the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
GP: Gastroparesis. Paralysis of the stomach; delayed emptying of the stomach.
G-Tube: Gastrostomy (or Gastric) Tube. An abdominal feeding tube that delivers nutrition directly to the stomach.
Idiopathic: Of unknown/uncertain cause.
J-Tube: Jejunostomy Tube. A feeding tube placed directly into the jejunum (middle part of the small intestine).
NG Tube: Nasogastric Tube. A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, down into the stomach.
NJ Tube: Nasojejunal Tube. A feeding tube that is passed through the nostril, through the stomach, and down into the middle part of the small intestine (called the jejunum). It essentially bypasses the stomach.
NPO: Nothing by mouth.
PCP: Primary Care Physician.
PEG Tube: Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy Tube. It is a G-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PEJ Tube: Percutaneous Endoscopic Jejunostomy Tube. It is a J-Tube that is placed endoscopically.
PICC Line: Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter. A catheter inserted through a vein in order to deliver nutrition and/or medications more easily and efficiently.
Port: Is a small medical appliance that is installed beneath the skin. A catheter connects the port to a vein. Under the skin, the port has a septum through which drugs can be injected and blood samples can be drawn many times, usually with less discomfort for the patient than a more typical "needle stick".
POTS: Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome. A form of dysautonomia in which changes in body position result in an increased heart rate and accompanying problems.
Spoon Theory: Please see http://www.butyoudontlooksick.com/articles/written-by-christine/the-spoon-theory/. This is a common explanation used by those with chronic illness to explain the amount of energy needed and used in a day. It is the reason we are called “spoonies.”
Stoma: The opening in the body where the feeding tube passes through.
TPN: Total Parenteral Nutrition. Providing nutrition directly into the bloodstream. A central IV line is surgically placed for this method of providing nutrition.